Fostering a healthy diet
Food plays a key role in our health and wellbeing. Food is the single strongest lever to enhance human health and environmental sustainability on Earth. According to the experts, in the coming decades it will be crucial to double our consumption of healthy, sustainable foods, such as fruit, vegetables, legumes, nuts and seeds, while prioritising local, ecological production. It will also be necessary to significantly reduce our consumption of added sugars and saturated fats, as well as animal proteins (especially red meat), while also prioritising meat that comes from free range and ecological livestock farming.
Poor diets, based on fast food and ultra-processed food, have increasingly become a risk for certain social groups. For example, in Barcelona, 10% of children between the ages of 3 and 4 are suffering from child obesity.
Because of either a poor diet or the ingestion of toxic compounds, food is linked to 70% of deaths from chronic non-communicable diseases (including 25% of known types of cancers).